Gitanjali-song-offerings

Rabindranath’s Gitanjali is originally written in Bengali language. The English Gitanjali or Song Offerings is a collection of 103 English poems of Tagore’s own English translations. The word Gitanjali is composed out of  git+ anjali. Git means song, and anjali means offering, thus it’s meant as “Song offerings”. The publication of the English version of Gitanjali paved Tagore a way to the world of English literature. It was in 1912 he published the Gitanjali and in 1913 he was awarded the Nobel Prize by Swedish academy.

Rabindranath Tagore is primarily and pre-eminently a lyric poet. KRS Iyengar says “He wrote the largest number of lyrics ever attended by any poet”. Tagore composed about 2000 lyrics of incomparable beauty and sweetness. Its lyrics are both rich in content and form and they are noticeable for the exquisite blending of the harmony of thoughts, feelings and melody of world.

Tagore’s Lyricism

Tagore’s lyricism underwent a gradual process of evolution. His lyrics are authentic expression of his romantic imagination through which he looked a man, nature and human life. On the other hand, his early lyrics are characterized by romantic exuberance (extreme passion) and mainly deal with the various aspects of nature and beauty, which have been the favorite themes of romantic poets.

Tagore’s lyrics are are characterized by the versatility of themes, bu it is the manifestation of divinity in all objects and the aspects of Universe. He composed lyrics on God, Love, Nature, Children, Love of the world and humanity and so on. No other poets even Sarojini Naidu who has been hailed as the Nightingale of India composed lyrics of such a vast variety of themes. In his lyrics, Tagore recaptures the theme and spirits of Indian philosophy and vividly creates the Indian atmosphere and the influence of Upanishads, The Vaishnava, Poets, The folk songs of Bengal and Kalidas.

The Cardinal characteristics of Tagore’s lyrics are their Song like quality. They are meditative, reflective and remarkable for their spiritual character. Tagore’s English lyrics are mainly prose poems in which he uses the musical language and the incantatory tone.

Gitanjali – poem 1

Stanza I

THOU hast made me endless ………..
………………. This frail vessel thou
emptiest ………………………….
……………………………….. fresh life.

The 1st stanza starts mentioning the grace of God to human being.  Tagore considers human body as a frail vessel, God intermittently repairs it’s damages and fills up it with fresh life. God is the all master of Human being, he take care of his subjects and solve all of their problems. In that way man is made endless withe the pleasure from God.

Stanza II

This little flute of a reed thou hast
carried over hills and dales ……
……………………………… new.

2nd stanza says God is a great flute player or a musician and the poet is considered to a flute. The breath payed through the flute comes as a melody and it is eternally new, it lasts forever. Tagore might have considered the poet as a flute and the poem comes out of his mouth as an eternal melody which is new forever.

Stanza III

At the immortal ………………….
………………………………………….
…..birth to utterance ineffable.

Poet reaches in unspeakable about the characteristic of God. Every touch from the God touches poet’s heart, this fills his heart with over joy and makes him in a state of pleasure extreme to be expressed.

Stanza IV

Thy infinite gifts …………
…………………………………
and still thou pourest, ….
…………………..room to fill.

Tagore says God’s infinite gifts comes only to him, to his little hands. God will save me, protect me, bless me. I will be the same person even when the ages pass. My special room is my heart to store all your blessings. God continues to pour his blessings to rooms of his hearts, but still there is room to fill. God is omnipotent and omnipresent.

Also Read :
» Poem II 
(Available soon)
» Poem III  (Available)

» Poem IV 
(Coming Soon)
» Poem X  (Available)

Salahudheen Kozhikoden

The Founder and CEO of LittleHelpz. He is a post-graduate in English Language and Literature and a web addict. His areas of interest are Blogging, Designing, Programming